India has a long maritime history.The peninsula is surrounded by the Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean. The vast coastline of the mainland and islands is about 7,500 kms. It's territory includes 1,256 islands. The area of Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the country is 2.02 million sq. km. The vast coastal and offshore environment support a wide variety of marine ecosytem rich in species diversity and multifarious economic development activities. The sea has tremendous influence on the physical and meteorological conditions of the country. Appreciating the importance of the subject, Government of India established Department of Ocean Development in 1981 with an aim of creating a deeper understanding of the oceanic regime of the northern and central Indian Ocean and also development of technology and technological aids for harnesssing of resources and understanding of various physical, chemical and biological processes. The Ocean Policy was enunciated in 1982.