The database for 3 habitats along with theme maps for these habitats will be developed by
Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University. The final product of GIS for each habitat will be
developed by the ICMAM - Project Directorate, Chennai.
The data and information for 11 habitats will be collected in 3 seasons. Collection of data for 2
seasons have already been completed for these habitats. The initial design of a database is also in
progress. It is expected that the first set of GIS for Pitchavaram mangroves as a model design for other
areas will be completed by the end of April 1999.
B. Determination of Waste Assimilation Capacity in Ennore Creek and Coastal waters
and Tapi estuary
In order to take measures for control of marine pollution from the land based activities, it
is necessary to know the information relating to assimilation capacity of coastal waters. This will
help in deciding the amount of pollutants that could be permitted to be discharged in the coastal
waters. Such a method is adopted in countries like USA. In order to apply this concept in pollution
control measures in India, a capacity building exercise on Determination of Waste Assimilation
Capacity (WAC) is proposed to be undertaken. The task of Determination of WAC will be carried
out for Tapi estuary and Ennore creek and coastal waters as model areas. Such a task is being
attempted for the first time. Therefore technical advice and assistance will be taken from M/s.
Limno-Tech, USA who will determine the WAC for Tapi estuary (Gujarat) and advise National
Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), Chennai for a similar exercise at Ennore creek and coastal
A detailed workplan to execute the activities is being prepared. The field exercises have
commenced from Feb. '99 in Ennore creek and coastal waters.
C. Development of guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment for coastal projects
Under this project, it is proposed to develop guidelines for conducting EIA studies for
coastal related activities like construction of ports, harbours and breakwaters, waste disposal from
domestic and industrial wastes, marine transportation and coastal tourism. The guidelines will
bring out in detail the various tasks, which will have to be performed by the project proponents.
NIOT which has expertise in the areas of construction of ports and harbours has already initiated
the task relating to development of Environmental Impact Assessment guidelines for this sector.
Based on the outcome, guidelines for other sectors will be developed.
D. Preparation of Model Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Plans for
Chennai, Goa and Gulf of Kutch.
In order to introduce the concept of ICMAM Plan in India, it is necessary to have expertise in
various aspects relating to development of ICMAM Plans. These aspects include application of modern
tools and techniques like computer based modelling that predict the impact of various inter-related
activities occurring in the coastal areas. Since development of such models involve advanced computer
techniques, it is proposed to engage the services of M/s. Resource Analysis, Netherlands. While training
the personnel in the ICMAM-Project Directorate for usage of such techniques, the firm in association with
Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai will develop a model ICMAM Plan using this technique for
Chennai (Pulicat lake to Mahabalipuram). With this training, the ICMAM-Project Directorate will
develop model ICMAM plans for tourism rich areas like Goa and Large Marine Ecosystem like Gulf of
Kutchch. The preparatory work for preparation of plans for all these coastal zones has been initiated.
Infrastructure, Training, R&D and Survey
Under this component, infrastructure facilities are created to house a long term training
programme for utilising the capacity built under the Capacity Building programme. The training will be
provided to the coastal States in the development of ICMAM Plans and use of GIS in the management of
critical habitats. R&D activities like determination of Use Classification for coastal waters and limits of
acceptable changes in critical habitats like mangroves, lagoons, etc., as a part of the prerequisite needed
for adoption of ICMAM, are also being carried out.