Guidelines on units/symbols

 

Standard list of commonly used acronyms

 

A standard list of commonly used acronyms by the Department of Ocean Development, in the Alphabetical order is given in Annexure –I.

 

Standard list of commonly used units/symbols

 

It has been observed that various national research laboratories/academic institutions, etc., and the attached offices/autonomous institutions under Department of Ocean Development have been using units/symbols while collecting and presenting data on various aspects of Ocean Science and Technology and also when submitting the reports to the Department. For ensuring uniformity in the methodology adopted for studying various oceanographic parameters and presenting their data and the units/symbols used for various parameters, a list of such units/symbols/methodology which are internationally accepted and used are given in the Annexure - II. Henceforth, all the institutes/academic institutions/national research laboratories, the attached offices of DOD (ICMAM and CMLRE) and the autonomous institutions should use only the units and symbols indicated in the Annexure -II.


Annexure-I

 

STANDARD LIST OF COMMONLY USED ACRONYMS/ABBREVIATIONS

 

A

 

AA

Aquaculture Authority

AABW

Antarctic Bottom Water

AAI

Aquaculture Authority of India

ABB

Andaman Back-arc Basin

ABLOS

Advisory Board of Experts on the Law of the Sea

ABR

Allocation of Business Rules

ACC

Antarctic Circumpolar Current

ACS

Acoustic Calibration System

ACWC

Area Cyclone Warning Centre

ADAS

Automatic Data Acquisition System

ADCP

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler

ADV

Acoustic Doppler Velocitymeter

AFI

Aquaculture Foundation of India

AIIMS

All India Institute of Medical Sciences

AIEA

Activity, Impact, Entity and Attribute

ALM PGIBMS

AL Mudaliar Post Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences

A & N Islands

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

ANCOD

Andaman and Nicobar Centre for Ocean Development

ANCOST

Andaman and Nicobar Centre for Ocean Science and Technology

ANSFDA

Andaman and Nicobar Shrimp Farming Research and Development Agency

AOD

Aerosol Optical Depth

AOML

Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory

APOS

Acoustic Positioning Operator Station

ALS

Air Lift System

AR

Auto Regression/Artificial Reef

ARGO

Array for Real-time Geotropic Oceanography

ARIMA

Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average

ARMEX

Arabian Sea Monsoon Experiment

ARP

Antarctic Research Programme

ART

Airborne Radiation Thermometry

ASC

Antarctic Study Centre

ASEAN

Association of South East Asian Nations

ASHSM

Arabian Sea High Salinity Watermass

ASI

Archaeological Survey of India

ASLR

Autonomous Sea Level Recorder

ASOC

Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition - India

ASP

Acoustic Sub-bottom Profiler

ATCM

Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings

ATCP

Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties

ATF

Acoustic Test Facility

ATG

Acoustic Tide Gauge

ATPS

Automated Transducer Positioning System

ATS

Antarctic Treaty System

ATSR

Along Track Scanning Radiometer

AU

Andhra University

AUV

Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

AWI

Alfred Wegner Institute of Polar and Marine Sciences

AWS

Automatic Weather Station

 

B

 

BARC

Bhaba Atomic Research Centre

BBDB

Backward Bent Ducted Buoy

BDL

Below Detectable Level

BEL

Bharat Electronics Limited

BENFAN

Bay of Bengal Fan

BFADs

Baitfish Aggregating Devices

BFDAs

Brackishwater Fish Farmers Development Agencies

BHEL

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited

BIS

Bureau of Indian Standards

BOBLME

Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem

BOBP

Bay of Bengal Programme

BOBPS

Bay of Bengal Process Studies

BOBMEX

Bay of Bengal Monsoon Experiments

BOD

Biological Oxygen Demand

BP

Before Present

BSI

Botanical Survey of India

BSIP

Birbal Sahni Institute of Paloeobotany

BSNL

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

BSR

Bottom Simulating Reflector

BT

Bathy Thermograph

BTIS

Biotechnology Information System

 

C

 

CALVAL Site

Calibration and Validation Site

CAS

Centre for Atmospheric Sciences

CAOS

Centre for Atmospheric and Ocean Studies

CARI

Central Agricultural Research Institute

CBD

Convention on Biodiversity

CCAMLR

Commission for Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

CCD

Carbonate Compensation Depth

CCMB

Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology

CCRAS

Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha

CCRF

Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries

CCZ

Clarion Clipperton Zone

CDML

Central Droning Maud Land

CDRI

Central Drugs Research Institute

CECRI

Central Electro-Chemical Research Institute

CEP

Committee on Environmental Protection

CESS

Centre for Earth Science Studies

CETP

Central Effluent Treatment Plants

CFP

Country Focal Point

CGHS

Central Government Health Scheme

CHIS

Critical Habitat Information System

CIBA

Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture

CICEF

Central Institute of Coastal Engineering for Fishery

CIFE

Central Institute of Fisheries Education

CIFNET

Central Institute of Nautical and Engineering Training

CIFT

Central Institute of Fishery Technology

CIMS

Chemical Ionizations Mass Spectrometre

CIOB

Central Indian Ocean Basin

CIR

Central Indian Ridge

CLCS

Commission on the Limits of Continental Shelf

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Predictability

CLRI

Central Leather Research Institute

C-MARS

Centre for Marine Analytical Reference and Standards

CMERI

Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute

CMFRI

Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute

CMLRE

Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology

C-MMACS

Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation

COADS

Comprehensive Ocean and Atmospheric Data Set

COD

Chemical Oxygen Demand

COMAPS

Coastal Ocean Monitoring and Prediction System

COMNAP

Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programme

CONAAN

National Council for Antarctic Affairs of Peru

CORDIO

Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean

COSTED

Committee on Science and Technology in Developing Countries

 

COT 2003

International Conference on Coastal and Ocean Technology 2003

COT

Crude Oil Terminal

CPCB

Central Pollution Control Board

CPMB

Centre for Plant Molecular Biology

CPT

Cone Penetrometer Testing

CPU

Central Processing Unit

CPUE

Catch Per Unit Effort

CR

Carlsberg Ridge

CRAMRA

Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resources

CRV

Coastal Research Vessel

CRZ

Coastal Regulation Zone

CSC

Commonwealth Science Council

CSD

Commission on Sustainable Development

CSIO

Central Scientific Instruments Organisation

CSIR

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

CSMCRI

Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute

CSSTE-AP

Centre for Space Science and Technology and Education in Asia and Pacific

CTD

 Conductivity-Temperature-Depth

CUSAT

Cochin University of Science and Technology

CWPRS

Central Water and Power Research Station

CZCS

Coastal Zone Colour Scanner

 

D

 

DAC

Department of Agriculture and Cooperation

DAE

Department of Atomic Energy

DARE

Department of Agricultural Research and Education

DBCP

Data Buoy Cooperation Panel

DBT

Department of Biotechnology

DC

Direct Current

DCI

Dredging Corporation of India Limited

DCP

Data Collecting Platform

DCS

Distributed Control System

DEA

Department of Economic Affairs

DEAL

Defence Electronics Application Laboratory

DFM

Digital Fluxgate Magnetometer

DG

Dakshin Gangotri

DGH

Directorate General of Hydrocarbons

DGHS

Directorate General of Health Sciences

DGPS

Differential Global Positioning System

DHAD

Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying

DIF

Directory Interchange Format

DIPAS

Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences

DMSP

Defence Meteorological Satellite Programme

DNOM

Directorate of Naval Oceanography and Meteorology

DOC

Dissolved Organic Carbon

DOD

Department of Ocean Development

DOMES

Deep Ocean Mining Environmental Study

DOPT

Department of Personnel and Training

DOS

Department of Space

DOSS

Development, Operations, Statutes and Structure

DOT

Department of Telecommunication

DOW

Deep Ocean Water

DOWA

Deep Ocean Water Application

DRDO

Defence Research and Development Organisation

DSDP

Deep Sea Drilling Project

DSIR

Department of Scientific and Industrial Research

DSL

Deep Scattering Layer

DSS

Decision Support System

DST

Department of Science and Technology

 

E

 

EBC

Eastern Boundary Current

ECDIS

Electronic Chart Display and Information System

ECMWF

 European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting

EDB

Electronic Display Boards

EDBOE

Experimental Design Bureau of Oceanological Engineering

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EIL

Engineers India Limited

EIMS

Electron Ionization Mass Spectrometer

EIS

Environmental Impact Statement

EMCB

Environment Management Capacity Building

EML

Environmental Monitoring Laboratory

EMP

Environmental Management Plan

ENC

Electronic Navigational Chart

ENCDB

Electronic Navigational Chart Data Base

ENSO

El Nino Southern Oscillation

EOS

Earth Observing System

E-OSF

Experimental Ocean State Forecast

EPM

Extra Cellular Polymer

EPR

East Pacific Rise

EQA

Environmental Quality Act

ER&DC

Electronics Research and Development Corporation

ETDC

Electronic Testing and Development Corporation

ETP

Ennore Thermal Power Plant

ETS

Electron Transport System

EUC

Equatorial Undercurrent

 

F

 

FAAS

Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometer

FABMS

Fast Atom Bombardment Mass Spectrometre

FAD

Fish Aggregating Device

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organisation

FCT

Fouling Control Technology

FITA

Field Installable Termination Assembly

FORV

Fishery and Oceanographic Research Vessel

FOS

Foot of the Slope

FROST

First Regional Observational Study of Troposphere

FSI

Fishery Survey of India

FTDG

Float Type Digital Tide Gauges

FTIR

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer

 

G

 

GAIL

Gas Authority of India

GAU

Gujarat Agriculture University

GC

Gas Chromatography

GCM

General Circulation Model

GC-MS

Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry

GCRMN

Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network

GEF

Global Environment Facility

GEODROME

Geophysical Deepwater Research Observatory for Multidisciplinary Experiment

GEOSECS

Geochemical Ocean Sections Study

GHG

Green House Gases

GIANT

Geodetic Infrastructure in Antarctica

GIDC

Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation

GIPME

Global Investigation of Pollution in the Marine Environment

GIS

Geographical Information System

GLOBE India

Global Legislatures Organisation for Balanced Environment - India

GLOCHANT

Global Change and Antarctica

GLODIR

Global Directory of Marine Scientists

GLOSS

Global Sea Level Observing System

gm

Gram

GMDSS

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

GPA

Global Programme of Action

GPR

Ground Penetrating Radar

GPS

Global Positioning System

GSI

Geological Survey of India

GSL

Great Salt Lake

GOAL

Geomagnetism, Optical and Aeronomy Laboratories

GOC

Gulf of Cambay

GOK

Gulf of Kachchh

GOM

Gulf of Mannar

GOMMBRE

Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve

GOOS

Global Ocean Observing System

GRAND

GOOS Regional Alliances Networking Development

GRB

Geodetic and Research Branch

GTS

Global Telecommunication System

GUI

Graphical User Interface

 

H

 

HAB

Harmful Algal Blooms

HACCP

Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point

HDPE

High Density Poly Ethylene

HED

Harbour Engineering Department

HF

High Frequency

HFDR

High Frequency Doppler Radar

HNCL

High production of Nutrients and Low Chlorophyll

HPL

Hydraulic Pump Lift System

HPLC

High Performance Liquid Chromatography

HSDT

High Speed Demersal Trawl

HTL

High Tide Line

HUFA

High Unsaturated Fatty Acids

HZL

Hindustan Zinc Limited

 

I

 

IAE

Indian Antarctic Expedition

IAST

International Argo Science Team

IAP

International Antarctic Programme

IAPH

International Association of Ports and Harbours

IBPIO

International Buoy Programme for the Indian Ocean

ICAR

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

ICES

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea

ICLARM

International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources and Management

ICLIVAR

Indian Climate Variability Programme

ICMAM

Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management

ICOD

International Centre for Ocean Development

ICOMOS

International Committee on Underwater Cultural Heritage

ICP

Ionic Concentration Product

ICRMN

Indian Coral Reef Monitoring Network

ICRP

Indian Climate Research Programme

ICSU

International Council for Science

ICZM

Integrated Coastal Zone Management

IDA

International Development Association/

Island Development Authority

IDAS

Integrated Data Acquisition System

IEE

Initial Environmental Examination

IFFNGS

Integrated Fish Finder and Navigational Global Positioning System

IFP

Integrated Fisheries Project

IFS

Integrated Farming Systems

IGBP

International Geosphere Biosphere Programme

IGCAR

Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research

IGO

Inter-Governmental Organisation

IGU

Indian Geophysical Union

IICT

Indian Institute of Chemical Technology

IIG

Indian Institute of Geomagnetism

IIOE

International Indian Ocean Expedition

IISc

Indian Institute of Science

IITF

India International Trade Fair

IIT-M

Indian Institute of Technology- Madras

IITM

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology

IKMT

Isaac Kidd Mid-water Trawl

IKS

Institut for Konstruktion

ILTP

Integrated Long Term Programme

IMC

Indian Monsoon Current

IMD

India Meteorological Department

IMO

International Maritime Organisation

INCOIS

Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services

INCOR

Indian National Committee on Oceanic Research

INDAS

Indian National Database on Antarctic Science

INDEX

Indian Deep-sea Experiment

INDOEX

Indian Ocean Experiment

INDOCEAN

Indian Ocean Literature

INDOMOD

Indian Ocean Modelling and Dynamics

INMAS

Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences

INODC

Indian National Oceanographic Data Centre

INSAT

Indian Satellite

INSA

Indian National Science Academy

IOBC

Indian Ocean Biological Centre

IOC

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

IOCINDIO

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission for the Central Indian Ocean

IOCW

Indian Ocean Central Watermass

IODE

International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange

IOG

Institute of Oil and Gas

IOGOOS

Indian Ocean Global Ocean Observing System

IOI

International Ocean Institute

IOM

Institute for Ocean Management

IOSLON

Indian Ocean Sea Level Observing Network

IOSN

Indian Ocean Standard Net

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPG

International Planning Group

IRCGH

Indo-Russian Centre for Gas Hydrate

IRD

Ice Rafted Debris

IRE

Indian Rare Earths

IRS

Indian Remote Sensing Satellite

ISBA

International Seabed Authority

ISMEX

Indian Seas Monsoon Experiment

ISO

 Indian Standards Organisation

ITBP

Indo-Tibetan Border Police

ITCZ

Inter-tropical Convergence Zone

ITI

Integrated

ITPO

India Trade Promotion Organization

IUCN

International Union for Conservation of Nature and natural Resources

IUGC

International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics

IUGS

International Union of Geological Sciences

IUSS

Integrated Underwater Survey System

IUU Fishing

Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported Fishing

IUWS

Integrated Under Water Survey

IWRM

Integrated Water Resources Management

IYO

International Year of the Ocean

 

J

 

JGOFS

Joint Global Ocean Flux Studies

 

K

 

KBCAOS

K. Banerjee Centre of Atmospheric and Ocean Studies

KORDI

Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute

KRL

Kerala Refineries Limited

 

 

L

 

LAL

Limulus Amoebocyte Lysate

LASPEX

Land Surface Process Experiment

LCS

Legal Continental Shelf

LHS

Laser Heterodyne System

LISS

Land Imaging Self Scanning Sensor

LMRE

Living Marine Resources Enhancement

LOICZ

Land Ocean Interaction in the Coastal Zone

LTC

Legal and Technical Commission

LTL

Low Tide Line

LTTD

Low Temperature Thermal Desalination

LUCC

Land Use Cover Change

 

M

 

MA

Moving Average

MAC

Marine Archaeology Centre

MAC

Mid Arm Circumference

MAPS

Madras Atomic Power Station

MARPOL

International Marine Pollution Convention

MARSIS

Marine Satellite Information Services

MAT

Marine Air Temperatures

MATLAB

A software to check the speed of turbine in wave energy plant

MBT

Mechanical Bathythermograph

MCS

Multi-Channel Seismograph/ Monitoring, Control and Surveillance

MCSST

Multi Channel Sea Surface Temperature

MDC

Marine Data Centre

MEA

Ministry of External Affairs

MED

Multiple Effect Evaporation

MEMAC

Marine Emergency Mutual Aid Centre

MFPI

Ministry of Food Processing Industries

MFRA

Marine Fishing Regulation Act

MGL

Multiple Grab Hire Lift System

MHA

Ministry of Home Affairs

MHC

Marine Hydro-Meteorological Centre

MILAC

Marine Impact on Lowland Agriculture and Coastal Resources

MIS

Microbial Identification System

MKU

Madurai Kamaraj University

MLD

Mixed Layer Depths

MLR

Marine Living Resources

MNES

Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources

MNRL

Marine Non-Living Resources

MOA

Meteorological and Oceanographic Application

MOA

Ministry of Agriculture

MOEF

Ministry of Environment and Forests

MONEX

Monsoon Experiments

MONTBLEX

Monsoon Trough Boundary Layer Experiment

MOS

Modular Opto-electronic Scanner

MOU

Memorandum of Association

MPEDA

Marine Products Export Development Authority

MPN

Multiple Plankton Net

MPN

Most Probable Number

MPT

Marmagao Port Trust

MRC

Mauritius Research Council

MRL

Madras Refineries Limited

MSF

Multi-Stage Flash

MSMR

Multi-frequency Scanning Microwave Radiometer

MSS

Multi-Spectral Scanner

MSSRF

MS Swaminathan Research Foundation

MSY

Maximum Sustainable Yield

MZA

Maritime Zone Act

MZI Act

Maritime Zones of India Act

 

 

N

NABARD

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development

NACA

Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia

NADC

National Antarctic Data Centre

NAL

National Aeronautical Laboratory

NAO

North Atlantic Oscillation

NAP

National Antarctic Programme

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NBFGR

National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources

NBRI

National Botanical Research Institute

NBSAP

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

NCAOR

National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research

NCDC

National Cooperative Development Corporation

NCEP

National Centre for Environmental Prediction

NCL

National Chemical Laboratory

NCMRWF

National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast

NCTPS

North Chennai Thermal Power Station

NDBP

National Data Buoy Programme

NDR

Natural Disaster Reduction

NEC

North Equatorial Current

NEERI

National Environmental and Engineering Research Institute

NGO

Non-Governmental Organisation

NGRI

National Geophysical Research Institute

NHD

National Hydrographic Department

NHO

National Hydrographic Office

NICL

National Ice Core Laboratory

NICMAS

National Information Centre for Marine Sciences

NIO

National Institute of Oceanography

NIO - RC

National Institute of Oceanography – Regional Centre

NIOT

National Institute of Ocean Technology

NIPM

National Institute of Port Management

NISCOM

National Institute of Science Communication

NISSAT

National Information System for Science and Technology

NIZ

No Impact Zone

NMDC

National Marine Data Centre

NML

National Metallurgical Laboratory

NMRS

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometre

NNRMS

National Natural Resources Management Plan

NOAA

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration

NODPAC

Naval Operations Data Processing and Analyzing Centre

NOIS

National Ocean Information System

NORAD

Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation

NPL

National Physical Laboratory

NPOL

National Physical Oceanographic Laboratory

NPSH

Net Positive Suction Head

NRB

Naval Research Board

NRSA

National Remote Sensing Agency

NSDRC

National Ship Design and Research Centre

NSLC

National Sea Level Centre

NTPC

National Thermal Power Corporation

NWP

Numerical Weather Prediction

 

O

 

OAL

Overall Length

Oceansat

Ocean Satellite

OCM

Ocean Colour Monitor

OCS

Outer Continental Shelf

ODIN

Ocean Data and Information Networking

ODP

Ocean Drilling Programme

OESF

Oil Emulsifying and Solubilizing Factors

OGCM

Ocean General Circulation Model

OMZ

Oxygen Minimum Zone

OIS

Ocean Information Services

ONGC

Oil and Natural Gas Commission

ONR

Office on Naval Research

OOIS

Ocean Observation and Information Services

OOS

Ocean Observing System

OOSIP

Ocean Observation Science and Information Programme

ORSAC

Orissa Remote Sensing Application Centre

ORV

Oceanographic Research Vessel

OSF

Ocean State Forecast

OSSG

Oceanographic Surveys and Services Group

OSTA

Ocean Science and Technology Agency

OSTC

Ocean Science and Technology Cell

OSTI

Ocean Science and Technology for Islands

OTEC

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

OWC

Oscillating Water Column

 

P

 

PAN

Panchromatic data

PBL

Planetary Boundary Layer

PBVM

Perforated Ball Velocity Meter

PCR

Polymeric Chain Reaction

PDD

Project Definition Document

PESO

Pilot Expedition to Southern Ocean

PFI

Physical Fitness Index

PFZ

Potential Fishing Zone

PGR

Post-Glacial Rebound

PKLO

Proteus Klebsiella Like Organisms

PMCC

Power-cum-Motor Control Centre

PMEL

Pacific Marine Environment Laboratory

PMN

Polymetallic Nodule

PMSLS

Permanent Mean Sea Level Service

POC

Particulate Organic Carbon

POP

Persistent Organic Pollutants

PP

Primary Productivity

PPM

Proton Precession Magnetometer

PREPCOM

Preparatory Commission of the International Seabed Authority

PRL, B/T

Physical Research Laboratory, Bhubaneswar/Trivandrum

PSMSL

Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level

PTT

Platform Transmitter Terminal

 

Q

 

QBO

Quasi-Biennial Oscillation

 

R

 

RAO

Response Amplitude Operators

RAS

Russian Academy of Sciences

R&D

Research and Development

RDBMS

Relational Database Management System

REE

Rare Earth Elements

RIDGE

Ridge Interdisciplinary Global Experiment

RISGOM

Resources Information System for Gulf of Mannar

RNODC

Responsible National Oceanographic Data Centre

RO

Reverse Osmosis

ROB

Remotely Operable Boat

ROSA

Regional Ozone Soundings in Antarctica

ROSS

Remotely Operable Sea Surface Skimmer

ROV

Remotely Operable Vehicle

RRL

Regional Research Laboratory

RRM

River Regulatory Measure

RRSSC

Regional Remote Sensing Service Centre

RSAM

Remote Sensing Application Mission

 

S

 

SAARC

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

SAC

Space Application Centre

SACEP

South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme

SAR

Synthetic Aperture Radar

SAMEER

Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research

SANAP

South African Antarctic National Programme

SAS Programme

South Asian Seas Programme

SASE

Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment

SATCORE

Satellite Coastal and Oceanographic Research

SATNAV

Satellite Navigational System

SBR

Sundarban Biosphere Reserve

SCALOP

Standing Committee on Antarctic Logistics and Operations

SCAR

Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

SCI

Shipping Corporation of India

SCOR

Scientific Committee for Oceanic Research

SD

Standard Deviation

SeaWiFS

Sea-viewing Wide-Field Sensors

SEC

South Equatorial Current

SECC

South Equatorial Counter Current

SEIR

South-East Indian Ridge

SELMAM

Sea Level Monitoring and Modelling

SERC

Structural Engineering Research Centre

SIFT

State Institute of Fisheries Technology

SIO

Shirshov Institute of Oceanology

SIOS

Society for Indian Ocean Studies

SLC

State Level Committees

SM

Suspended Matter

SMMR

Scanning Multi-channel Microwave Radiometer

SSM/I

Special Sensor Microwave Imager

SO

Southern Oscillation

SOA

State Oceanic Administration

SOI

Survey of India

SPL

Space Physics Laboratory

SPLOS

States Parties on Law of the Sea

SPM

Suspended Particulate Matter

SPMs

Single Point Mooring

SR

Sheba Ridge

SRB

Sulphate Reducing Bacteria

SSC

Sagar Sampada Cell

SSS

Sea Surface Salinity

SST

Sea Surface Temperature

STD

Salinity-Temperature-Depth

STF

Sub-Tropical Front

SUPARCO

Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission

SW

Seawater

SWAN

Simulating Waves Near Shore

SWIR

South-West Indian Ridge

 

T

 

TC

Total Coliform bacteria

TCS

Tata Consultancy Services

TE

Thermal Equator

TEC

Total Electron Content

TED

Turtle Excluder Devices

TERI

TATA Environmental Research Institute

THB

Total Heterotrophic Bacteria

TIFR

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

TL

Thermoluminiscence/Total Length

TMR

Topex/Poseidon Microwave Radiometre

TNFDC

Tamil Nadu Fisheries Development Corporation

TOGA

Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere

TOPEX

Topography Experiment for Ocean Circulation

T/R

Transmitting/Receiving

TS

Target Strength

T-S

Temperature – Salinity

TVC

Total Viable Count

TVR

Transmitting Voltage Response

 

U

 

UGC

University Grants Commission

UNCLOS

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

UNCED

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USIF

United States India Fund

UT

Union Territory

UV - B

Ultra Violet - B Radiator

 

V

 

VAS

Visual Analog Scale

VC

Vapour Compression/Vice Chancellor/Vice Chairman

VLCC

Very Large Crude Carrier

VLF

Very Low Frequency

VLO

Vibrio-like Organisms

VMC

Vessel Management Cell

VMS

Vessel Management System

VOF

Voluntary Observing Fleet

VSNL

Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited

VSSC

Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre

VTMS

Vessel Traffic Management System

 

W

 

WAC

Waste Assimilation Capacity

WATG

Wave Activated Turbine Generators

WBC

Western Boundary Current

WCRP

World Climate Research Programme

WCS

Worst Case Scenario

WDC

World Data Centre

WHO

World Health Organsiation

WISL

Western India Shipyard Limited

WLA

Waste Load Allocation

WMO

World Meteorological Organisation

WOCE

World Ocean Circulation Experiment

WRIC

Western Regional Instrumentation Centre

WSSD

World Summit on Sustainable Development

WTMU

Wildlife Trade Monitoring Unit

WWF

World Wildlife Fund

 

X

 

XBT

Expendable Bathythermograph

 

Z

 

ZGFAAS

Zeeman Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometer

ZSI

Zoological Survey of India

 


Annexure-II

 

STANDARD LIST OF COMMONLY USED UNITS/SYMBOLS

 

A

 

Alpha

a

Aluminium

Al

Ammonium heptamolybdatetetra hydrate

(NH4)6Mo7O24.4H2O

Ammonium chloride

NH4Cl2

Ammonia

NH3

  Ampere

   A

Ascorbic acid

C6H8O6

 

B

 

  Bacquerel

  Bq

Beta

b

billion tones

bt

Black Carbon

BC

Boric acid

H3BO3

 

C

 

Cadmium

Cd

Calcium

Ca

Calcium Carbonate

CaCO3

  Candela

   cd

Carbondioxide

CO2

Cells per litre

cells/l

Centigrade/Carbon

C

centimetre

cm

Chlorine

Cl

Cobalt

Co

Colony forming units per millilitre

CFU/ml

  Coulomb

   C

Copper

Cu

Copper Sulphate

CuSO4.5H2O

cubic metre

cu. m/ m3

cubic metre per day

M3/day

 

D

Decibels at 1 metre distance (used for noise levels)

dB relmPa/V@1m

  Degree Celsius

    OC

Depth

D

Dichloroisocyanuric acid sodium salt dihydrate

C3C12N3NaO3.2H2O

Dimethyl Sulphide

DMS

Disodium hexafluorosilicate

Na2SiF6

Disodium nitropruside dihydrate

Na2Fe(CN)5NO.2HO

Dissolved Inorganic Carbon

DIC

Dissolved Oxygen

DO

Dissolved Organic Carbon

DOC

Dissolved Organic Phosphorus

DOP

Dithiocarbamate (APDC)

C5H8S2(NH4)

 

 E

Ethanol

C2H5OH

 

F

  Farad

  F

Fluoride

F

 

G

Gamma

g

Gram

g

Gram per cubic centimetre

g/cm3

Gram per day

gm/d

Gram per second

gm/s

 

H

  Henry

  H

Hertz

Hz

Hour

hr.

Hydrochloric acid

HCl

Hydrofluoric acid

HF

Hydrogen/Height

H

Hydrogen Ion Concentration

pH

 

I

Iron

 Fe

Iso-Butyl Methyl Ketone

(CH3)2CHCH2COCH3

 

J

Joule

 J

 

K

  katal

  kat

  Kelvin

  K

Kilo bytes per second

kbps

Kilogram

kg

Kilogram Carbon per square kilometer per year

kg C Km2/yr

kilogram per hour

kg/hr

Kilogram per kilometer per year

Kg/Km/yr

Kilogram per square kilometre

kg/km2

Kilo Hertz

kHz

Kilo Newton

kN

Kilolitre

KL

Kilometre

km

square kilometre

km2

Kilo Pascal

kPa

Kilo Volt Amps

kVA

Kilo Watt

kW

Kilo Watt Amps

KWA

 

L

Latitude

Lat.

Lead

Pb

Longitude

Long.

 Lumen

 Lm

 Lux

 Lx

 

M

Manganese

Mn

Maximum

Ma.

Mega Watt

MW

Mega Pascal

MPa

Mercury

Hg

Methane

CH4

metre

m

metre per second

m/s

metric tones

mt

Micro gram per litre

mg.l-1

Micro mole per litre

mM

micro mole per gram

mM.g-1

Milligram Carbon per square metre per day

mg C.m-2 /d

Milligram Carbon per cubic metre per day

mg C.m-3/d

Milligram Carbon per cubic metre per hour

mg C.m-3/hr

milligram per gram

mg/g

milligram per cubic metre

mg/cu. M

milligram per litre

Mg.l-1

Milligram per square metre

Mg.m-2

milligram per cubic metre

Mg.m-3

millimetre

mm

millilitre per 1000 litre

ml/1000 l

millilitre per 100 cubic metre

ml/100m3

Milliliter per 1000 cubic metre

ml/1000 m3

milliliter per haul

ml/haul

milliliter per litre

ml/l

Million Litres per Day

MLD

Million Tonnes

MT

  Mole

  Mol

N

nautical mile

NM/nm

  Newton

  N

Nickel

Ni

Nitrate

NO3

Nitrite

NO2

Nodes/Nitrogen

N

Number per square metre

nos. m-2

Number per litre

nos. l-1

Numbers per 10 square centimetre

nos./10 cm2

Numbers per 10 square metre

nos./10 m2

Numbers per haul

nos./haul

N(l-napthyl)-ethylenediamine-dihydrochloride

C12H16C12N2

 

O

  Ohm

  W

Organic Carbon

OC

Oxalic acid

(COOH)2.2H2O

Oxygen

O2

 

P

parts per billion

ppb

parts per million

ppm

Particulate Organic Carbon

POC

  Pascal

  Pa

Petroleum Hydrocarbons

PHC

Phosphate

PO4

Phosphorous Pentaoxide

P2­O5

Potassium chromate

K2Cr2O4

Potassium iodide

KI

Potassium iodate

KIO3

Potassium dihydrogen phosphate

KH2PO4

Potassium antimonyl tartrate

K(SbO)C4H4O6

Potassium nitrate

KNO3

Potassium peroxodisulphate

K2S2O8

Practical salinity unit

psu

Unit used to measure pressure

psi

 

Q

Unit used to measure mass concentration of aerosols at surface level

QCM

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 Radian

 rad

 Revolutions per minute

 Rpm

 

S

 

  Second

   S

  Siemens

   S

Silicate

SiO4

Silicondioxide

SiO2

Silver nitrate

AgNO3

Sodium Borohydrate

NaBH4

Sodium hydroxide

NaOH

Sodium nitrite

NaNO2

Sodium thiosulphate

Na2S2O3.5H2O

square metre

sq. m

Starch

(C6H10O5)n

  Steradian

   sr

Sulphurdioxide

SO2

Sulphanilamide

C6H8N2O2S

Sulphuric acid

H2SO4

 

T

 

Terragram

Tg

Terragram per year

Tg/y

   tesla

  T

Tonnes

t

Total Carbohydrate

HCHO

Total Dissolvable Manganese

TDM

Total Dissolved Solids

TDS

Total Organic Carbon

TOC

Total Organic Matter

TOM

Tributyl-tin

TBT

Tributyl-tin oxide

TBTO

Trillion Cubic Metre

TCM

Titanium

Ti

 

V

Voltage

V

 

W

Water

H2O

 Watt/Width

W

  Weber

   Wb

 

Y

Years

Yrs.

 

Z

Zinc

Zn

 


ANNEXURE II

UNITS AND METHODOLOGIES TO BE ADOPTED FOR

VARIOUS PARAMETERS

 

Sl.No

Parameter

Unit (old notation)

Unit (new notation)

Methodology (Reference)

 

I.     WATER QUALITY

 

1.    

Colour

 

 

 

2.    

Odour

 

 

 

3.    

Water Temperature

°C

°C

Standard

4.    

Frothiness

 

 

Standard

5.    

Floating matters

 

 

Observation

6.    

Transparency

m

m

Secchi disc

7.    

Salinity

ppt

PSU

Argentometric / Conductivity based; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

8.    

DO

mg/l

mg.l-1

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

9.    

pH

--

--

Colomel electrode/Probe; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

 

10.   

BOD

mg/l

mg.l-1

Standard

11.   

Total Suspended Solids

mg/l

mg.l-1

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

12.   

Turbidity

NTU

NTU

Standard – Nephelometric

13.   

Nitrite

µmol/l

µM

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

14.   

Nitrate

µmol/l

µM

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

15.   

Ammonia

µmol/l

µM

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

16.   

Silicate

µmol/l

µM

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

17.   

Inorganic Phosphate

µmol/l

µM

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

18.   

Total Nitrogen

µmol/l

µM

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

19.   

Total Phosphorus

µmol/l

µM

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

20.   

Petroleum Hydrocarbons

µg/l

µg.l-1

Fluorimetric procedure; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

 

21.   

Heavy Metals (Cd, Pb, Hg)

µg/l

µg.l-1

Standard; Grasshoff et al. (1999)

 

II.    SEDIMENT QUALITY

 

1.    

Texture (Sand, Silt & Clay)

%

%

Pipette analysis / Particle Size analyzer

 

2.    

Total Organic Carbon (TOC)

mg/g

mg.g-1

Wet oxidation (Parsons et al., 1994) / CHN Analyser

 

3.    

Heavy Metals (Cd, Pb, Hg)

mg/g

mg.g-1

Loring and Rantala (1992)


 


III.   BIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS

1.    

Chlorophyll a

mg/m3

mg.m-3

Fluorimetric Procedure; UNESCO (1994)

 

2.    

Phaeophytin

mg/m3

mg.m-3

             --do--

3.    

Primary Productivity

mgC/m3/hr

mg C.m-3.hr-1

Light & Dark bottle O2 / C14; UNESCO (1994)

 

4.    

Phytoplankton Count                          

nos./l

nos.l-1

 

5.    

Zooplankton 

 

 

 

 

               - Biomass

               - Population

               - Total groups

               - Major groups

 

ml/m3

nos/m3

no.

no.

ml.m-3

nos.m-3

no.

no.

Standard

6.    

Benthos (Micro, Meo & Macrofauna)

 

nos/m3

nos.m-3

Standard

7.    

Microbiology – in Water

nos/ml

nos.ml-1

Standard (Plate Count)

8.    

Microbiology – in sediment

 

nos/g

nos.g-1

Standard (Plate Count)

 

IV.   SELECTED ORGANISMS

 

1.    

Heavy Metals

µg/g

µg.g-1

Loring and Rantala (1999)

2.    

Pesticides (DDT & BHC)

µg/g

µg.g-1

Standard

 

References:

 

Grasshoff, K., Kremling, K. and Ehrhardt, M. (Eds.) (1999). Methods of Seawater Analysis, 3rd edition, Wiley-VCH publishers, Weinheim, Germany.

 

Loring, D.H. and Rantala, R.T.T. (1999). Manual for the geochemical analyses of marine sediments and suspended particulate matter. Earth-Science Reviews, 32: 235-283.

 

Parsons, T.R., Maita, Y. and Lalli, C.M., 1984. A manual of chemical and biological methods for Sea water Analysis, Pergamon Press, New York, 63-66.

 

UNESCO, 1994. Protocols for the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) core measurements. In: Manual and Guides, vol.29, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.